Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a progressive neurological disease that can affect the central nervous system (CNS). Millions of nerve cells in the brain send signals throughout the body to control movement, sensation, memory, cognition, and speech. Every time you take a step, blink, or move your arm, your CNS is at work.
Cause 1: Immunologic
MS is considered an immune-mediated disease. That is, the immune system malfunctions and attacks the CNS. Researchers know that the myelin sheath is directly affected, but they don’t know what triggers the immune system to attack the myelin
Cause 2: Genetic
Several genes are believed to play a role in MS. Your chance of developing MS is slightly higher if a close relative, such as a parent or sibling, has the disease.According to the Multiple Sclerosis Foundation, if one parent has MS, the risk of their children getting the disease is estimated to be between 2 and 5 percent.
Cause 3: Environmental
Epidemiologists have seen an increased pattern of MS cases in countries located farthest from the equator. This correlation causes some to believe that vitamin D may play a role.Vitamin D benefits the function of the immune system. People who live near the equator are exposed to more sunlight. As a result, their bodies produce more vitamin D.
Cause 4: Infections
Researchers are considering the possibility that viruses and bacteria may cause MS. Viruses are known to cause inflammation and a breakdown of myelin (called demyelination). Therefore, it’s possible that a virus could trigger MS.Several viruses and bacteria are being investigated to determine if they’re involved in the development of MS.
There are several triggers that people with MS should avoid. These include:
Stress can trigger and worsen MS symptoms.
Cigarette smoke can add to the progression of MS.
Not everyone sees a difference in symptoms due to heat, but avoid direct sun or hot tubs if you find you react to them.
Lack of Sleep
Fatigue is a common symptom of MS. If you’re not getting enough sleep, this can decrease your energy even more.