Signs and symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia?
Some schizophrenia symptoms are not prominent, such as disturbances of volition, affect, speech and catatonia.
- Auditory hallucinations – hearing voices that are not there (they don’t exist). Visual hallucinations are possible, but rare.
- Delusions – beliefs that are not real; false personal beliefs that are not subject to reason or contradictory evidence.
- Anxiety – a patient with paranoid schizophrenia will usually suffer from periods of high anxiety.
- Anger – this emotional state may range from mild irritation, which most healthy individuals sometimes have, to fury and rage. Anger may raise heart rate, blood pressure and levels of adrenaline and noradrenaline.
- Detachment – the patient may sometimes be physically or emotionally; reserved and remote (aloofness)
- Aggression and violence – aggression may reach levels in which violent outbursts occur.
- Condescension – sometimes the patient may seem patronizing; perhaps they may feel they know stuff other people don’t and subsequently assume such a manner.
- Suicidal thoughts and behavior – these may be noticeable by people around the individual, with statements such as “I wish I were dead”, I am going to kill myself”, or “I wish I had never been born”.
Risk factors for paranoid schizophrenia
- Genetics – individuals with a family history of schizophrenia have a higher risk of developing it themselves. If there is no history of this disorder in your family your chances of developing it (any type) are less than 1%. However, that risk rises to 10% if one of your parents was/is a sufferer.
- Viral infection – if the fetus (unborn baby in the womb) is exposed to a viral infection, there is a bigger risk of developing schizophrenia.
- Fetal malnutrition – if the fetus suffers from malnutrition during the mother’s pregnancy there is a higher risk of developing this disorder.
- Stress during early life – experts say that severe stress early on in life may be a contributory factor towards the development of this disorder. Stressful experiences often precede the emergence of schizophrenia..
- Childhood abuse or trauma
- Parental age when baby is born – older parents have a higher risk of having children who subsequently develop schizophrenia, compared to younger parents.
- Drugs – the use of drugs that affect the mind or mental processes may sometimes raise the risk of developing schizophrenia.