Choose Low Fat, High Fiber Foods The National Multiple Sclerosis Society (NMSS) suggests that people with MS follow the same dietary guidelines recommended to the general population: Eat foods that are low in fat and high in fiber. That’s because a diet low in saturated and trans fats (or “bad” fats) and high in fiber and other nutrients is a building block in establishing overall good health.
Eat 5 Servings of Fruits and Vegetables a Day If there’s one recommendation that most healthy-eating plans have in common, it’s this: Eat more produce. “Fruits and vegetables provide vitamins and minerals, and they’re an important part of the energy equation,” Bostick says. They’re also good sources of fiber, which can help ease constipation (a common complaint among those with MS), and many have anti-inflammatory properties.
Eat Fish Twice a Week While the research is limited, the NMSS reports that omega-3 fatty acids may be beneficial in an MS diet, potentially lessening the duration and severity of flares. Omega-3s have also been shown to improve heart health, lower blood pressure, and potentially decrease inflammation.
Shop the Perimeter of the Grocery Store “When you go grocery shopping,” Singer says, “it’s a good idea to stay along the periphery of the store and out of the interior aisles.” Why? Most of the nutrient-dense foods you should be shopping for — fruits and veggies, seafood, lean meats, and dairy items — can be found along the store’s outer walls.
Drink Plenty of Water Staying hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids is important for everyone because it prevents dehydration, aids in digestion, keeps muscles working, and more. And people with MS derive additional health benefits from drinking the recommended eight cups of water a day.
Replace Salt With Healthier Spices Next time you prepare a meal, leave the salt in the spice drawer. Research has shown that a high sodium intake may be linked to increased MS activity. An observational study published in 2014 in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychology showed that the higher the sodium intake, the more exacerbations of MS symptoms and the greater the risk of developing new MS lesions.