Interesting Lymphoma Cancer facts
Lymphoma a cancer of the immune systems occurs in two forms Hodgkin disease and non-Hodgkin lymphoma each of which has the many subtypes. here are the fascinating Lymphoma Cancer facts:
1. Doctors don’t know exactly what causes lymphoma: Lymphoma Cancer facts may increase a person’s risk such as family history of the lymphoma or having an autoimmune disease. Organ transplant recipients and people who have been infected with viruses such as Epstein-Barr, HIV, HTLV-1, and hepatitis C are also at risk. Exposure to pesticides fertilizers and organic solvents (like benzene) are environmental risk factors says Lansigan.
2.Lymphoma starts in your body’s white cells (lymphocytes):Lymphoma Cancer facts includes that Lymphocytes usually come in two types of the cells B lymphocytes (B cells) which make antibodies that fight infection and T lymphocytes (T cells) which help kill microbes and tumor cells and control the immune system. Lymphocytes are found in the various organs and tissues of your immune system including the lymph nodes (tiny clusters of tissue scattered throughout your body) bone marrow, thymus, spleen, tonsils, and the lymphoid tissue in your digestive tract.
3.No screening tests exist yet for lymphoma: Plus, its symptoms overlap with those of many other conditions, says Dr. Chen. These include fever, chills, soaking night sweats, coughing, trouble brealymthing, chest pain, weight loss, generalized fatigue, and enlarged lymph nodes.
4.Hodgkin disease differs from non-Hodgkin lymphoma in several ways: In Hodgkin disease, people have large, malignant cells known as Reed-Sternberg cells; physicians will look for these cells to confirm a Hodgkin disease diagnosis. Plus, Hodgkin Lymphoma Cancer has several variations: one is a “classic” type (with four different subtypes) that comprises about 95 percent of all cases; another 5 percent of cases are known as nodular lymphocyte predominant (NLPHD), which is typically a slow-growing form of the disease.
5.Hodgkin lymphoma is a highly curable form of cancer, says Lansigan. The survival rate during the years 2004 to 2010 was nearly 88 percent — more than double the survival rate of 40 percent during 1960 to 1963, according to statistics and Lymphoma Cancer facts from the Leukemia & Lymphoma Society. “The latest research has been to tailor the right combination of treatments according to the lymphoma cancer patient stage,” says Lansigan.
6.Modern oral medications are being used in place of lymphoma chemotherapy and radiation: “These make treatment easier for many people with Lymphoma Cancer, especially for those people with chronic lymphomas, who can now more conveniently be treated and go on living their lives,” says Lansigan.
7.There are different forms of non-Hodgkin lymphoma: B-cell lymphoma is the most common form and accounts for about 85 percent of all cases. Most, but not all, non-Hodgkin lymphomas are slow growing; some forms are curable, and all can be treated.
8.New treatments for both non-Hodgkin and Hodgkin lymphoma: are in use or are currently being tested. According to Chen, recently approved drugs and drugs currently in clinical trials look very promising, even for people whose cancers have relapsed. Among these is a new class of drugs, called PD-1 and PD-L1 inhibitors, which enhance the patient’s own immune system to fight Hodgkin lymphoma cells. A drug called Imbruvica (ibrutinib) has gotten approval from the Food and Drug Administration for treating certain types of lymphoma. “It is strongly effective and very well-tolerated,” says Chen.
9. If you’re diagnosed with lymphoma, don’t panic: “There are many different subtypes of these diseases, and the prognoses and treatments are different depending on which you have. The most important thing to do is seek a second opinion at a National Cancer Institute-Designated Cancer Center with a lymphoma expert who can identify the specific type of Lymphoma Cancer you have and choose the best treatment,” says Chen. Some lymphomas do not need to be treated right away, while others require more urgent treatment, notes Lansigan.
10.Treatment is highly effective: “We understand the molecular biology between lymphoma and its subtypes much better today than we did 10 years ago,” says Chen. “Because we can identify specific markers linked to specific subtypes of Lymphoma Cancer facts, and use these as targets to kill cancer cells, we are able to make new drugs that are truly targeted. In general, lymphoma treatment is very well-tolerated and highly effective,” he says.
11. When it comes to diagnosis, accuracy is king:Doctors’ misdiagnoses for initial Lymphoma Cancer facts symptoms included:
Cold, virus, infection (13 percent)
Dermatitis/ itchy skin/rash (9 percent)
Glands/enlarged glands (9 percent)
‘Other’ (22 percent versus 14 percent in 2012)
No diagnosis (9 percent versus 14 percent in 2012).
12.The dangers of misprescribing are very real: In Lymphoma Cancer facts the danger of misprescribing is very real and rare medication had been wrongly prescribed to 42 percent of those who had been misdiagnosed. Medication had been misprescribed to 68 percent of middle aged respondents, a far cry from the 16 percent of 10-29-year-olds and 17 percent of seniors.
13.The physical effects of lymphoma are varied: patients reported that the top three physical impacts of lymphoma are:
Fatigue (50 percent)
Hair loss (34 percent)
Muscle weakness (31 percent)Other respondents were affected by sleeplessness, changes in taste and smell, aching joints, trouble concentrating, nausea, changes in sexual function, loss of appetite, weight gain, and memory loss.
14.Lymphoma Cancer facts takes a strong emotional toll, as well: Respondents were most impacted emotionally by:
Changes in relationships with others (31 percent)
Concerns about body image (27 percent)
Financial stresses (24 percent)
15.In Lymphoma Cancer facts we must collectively work to remove the barriers to health care: About 60 percent of patients indicated they had faced barriers to treatment. The top five barriers in access to care included:
Lack of access to the most up-to-date therapies (49 percent)
Lack of a locally available specialty physician (45 percent)
Inability to give up their caregiver role (45 percent)
Lack of access to a treatment center/prohibitive travel (44 percent)
Lack of personal support (44 percent)source