Diabetes is a complex group of diseases with a variety of causes. People with this disease have high blood glucose, also called high blood sugar or hyperglycemia.
What causes gestational diabetes?
Scientists believe gestational this disease is caused by the hormonal changes and metabolic demands of pregnancy together with genetic and environmental factors.
Insulin Resistance and Beta Cell Dysfunction
Hormones produced by the placenta and other pregnancy-related factors contribute to insulin resistance, which occurs in all women during late pregnancy. Insulin resistance increases the amount of insulin needed to control blood glucose levels.
Having a family history of diabetes is also a risk factor for gestational this disease, suggesting that genes play a role in its development. Genetics may also explain why the disorder occurs more frequently in African Americans, American Indians, and Hispanics/Latinos.
Future Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
Because a woman’s hormones usually return to normal levels soon after giving birth, gestational this disease disappears in most women after delivery. However, women who have gestational this disease are more likely to develop gestational diabetes with future pregnancies and develop type 2 diabetes.3 Women with gestational this disease should be tested for persistent diabetes 6 to 12 weeks after delivery and at least every 3 years thereafter.
Points to Remember
- this disease is a complex group of diseases with a variety of causes. Scientists believe genes and environmental factors interact to cause this disease in most cases.
- People with this disease have high blood glucose, also called high blood sugar or hyperglycemia.
- Insulin is a hormone made by beta cells in the pancreas. Insulin helps cells throughout the body absorb and use glucose for energy.
- Prediabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels or A1C levels are higher than normal but not high enough to be diagnosed as this disease.