Wednesday, October 21, 2020

Diabetes Risk Factors & Prevention

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Diabetes Risk Factors

Diabetes Risk Factors are characteristics that can incline you to developing a state or disease. Just because you have one or extra risk factors does not mean you will get diabetes. Risk factors for kind 1 diabetes are not as clearly definite as for type 2 diabetes.

kind 1 diabetes risk factors include:

  • Family the past of diabetes
  • Autoimmune illness, where the body mistakenly attack the insulin-producing cells
  • Environmental factors

Type 2 diabetes risk factors include:

  • Age of 45 years or older
  • Obesity
  • Family history of diabetes
  • Diabetes during pregnancy
  • Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT)
  • Physical inactivity
  • Being a Native American, African American, Hispanic/Latino American, Asian American, or a Pacific Islander

How can Diabetes be Prevented?

  • Type 1 diabetes: There are no known methods to prevent type 1 diabetes. Several clinical trials are currently in progress.
  • Type 2 diabetes: Research studies in the United States and abroad have found that lifestyle changes can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes among high-Diabetes Risk Factors adults (those with IGT and other high-risk  OF Diabetes Risk Factors characteristics).

Diabetes Risk Factors Lifestyle interventions included diet and moderate-intensity physical activity (such as walking for 2 1/2 hours each week). For both sexes and all age and racial and ethnic groups, the development of diabetes was reduced 40% to 60% during these studies that lasted 3 to 6 years. Studies have also shown that medications have been victorious in preventing diabetes in some residents groups.

Diabetes Prevention Revise

The Diabetes avoidance revise conducted in Finland (3) involved 522 center-aged, overweight people with impaired glucose lenience (IGT). The study subjects were alienated into two groups:

  • An intervention group who customary individual counseling aiming to help them lose burden, reduce fat intake, and increase physical movement, at seven sessions in the first year and then every three months
  • A manage group who received general go on a diet and exercise advice once a year.

After the subjects had been followed up for an average of 3.2 years, the incidence of diabetes was 58% lower in the intervention group than in the control group.

Diabetes Prevention Program

The Diabetes Prevention plan (4) approved out in the USA produced similar findings. This study involved 3,234 round people with IGT, 45% of whom were from an ethnic alternative group at increased Diabetes Risk Factors of diabetes. The study subjects were alienated into three groups, who conventional:

  • General lifestyle advice once a year, plus metformin (daily)
  • General lifestyle advice once a year, plus placebo (daily)
  • Intensive lifestyle advice (16 sessions over 24 weeks) aiming to achieve weight loss and increased physical activity

The subjects were followed up for an average of 2.8 years. Compared to the placebo group, the incidence of diabetes was 58% lower in the group that had received intensive lifestyle advice, and 31% lower in the group who had received metformin. Treatment with metformin was most effective among younger, heavier people (those 25-40 years of age who were 50 to 80 pounds overweight) and less effective among older people and people who were not as overweight.

How can Complications be Prevented?

Recent studies confirm that good blood glucose control is the most important factor in delaying or even preventing the complications of diabetes such as cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, blindness and amputations.

For good blood glucose control, the diabetic patient needs to monitor blood glucose levels. They also need to know average blood glucose levels, the glycosylated hemoglobin, HbA1c. The HbA1c is a measurement of long-term blood glucose control whose values are between 4 percent and 20 percent. The normal range is from 3.8 percent to 5.8 percent. The diabetes impediment rate is reduced greatly for a unwearied who obtains an HbA1c of 7 percent or fewer.

Intensive Diabetes Self-Management System

An effective new Standard of Care has been developed to treat diabetes. It is called the Intensive Diabetes Self-Management System supported by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE).

Treatment plans include:

  • Self-monitoring of blood glucose levels
  • Exercise and diet guidelines
  • Oral medications and/or insulin
  • Target HbA1c level should be as close to 7 percent as possible
  • Regular checks

Each three months HbA1c feet and tallness weight and blood pressure must be check by along with a physical test for complications of diabetes.

Diabetes Risk Factors At least once a year, patients should have a diabetes education review, an eye exam, a lipid profile (cholesterol – HDL, LDL; triglycerides), kidney tests (creatinine, urine protein, microalbumin), a peripheral nerve test, and a treadmill test or EKG.

“Patients who follow the Intensive Diabetes Self-managing System can, on average, delay major complication 15 years and add 5 years to their lives”

Be Smart About Your mind: Manage the ABCs of Diabetes

Patients with type 2 diabetes have high rates of hypertension, dyslipidemia and obesity, which are major reasons for the higher rates of cardiovascular disease in diabetic patients. Diabetes Risk Factors The treatment of cardiovascular diseases accounts for a large part of the huge healthcare costs attributable to Type 2 Diabetes. Thus from an economic perspective, prevention of cardiovascular disease is key.

A variety of successful running approaches including therapeutic way of life changes (diet, weight management, amplified physical activity, and drug therapy) are at present available to control heart illness Diabetes Risk Factors and prevent or treat the complications of diabetes.

The National Diabetes Education Program has launched a new awareness campaign to highlight the link between diabetes and cardiovascular disease. “Be Smart About Your Heart: Control the ABCs of Diabetes” focuses on managing blood glucose with the A1C test, blood pressure, and cholesterol:

  • A is for A1C (short for hemoglobin A1c), which measures average blood glucose over the past three months. Suggested target — below 7 percent. Check at least twice a year.
  • B is for Blood Pressure. High blood pressure makes the heart work too hard. Suggested target — below 130/80. Check at every doctor’s visit.
  • C is for Cholesterol. LDL (bad cholestserol) builds up and clogs arteries. Suggested target — below 100. Check at least once a year.

Diabetes Risk Factors The targets above have been suggested by the National Institutes of Health and the American Diabetes Association.  Personal targets should be recommended by your health care provider.

Other recommendations of the “Be Smart About Your Heart” campaign include:Diabetes Risk Factors

  • Get physical activity every day
  • Eat less fat and salt
  • Eat more fiber
  • Stay at a healthy weight
  • Stop smoking
  • Take medicines as prescribed
  • Ask your doctor about taking aspirin
  • Ask others to help you manage your diabetes

The state Diabetes Education plan is a joint program of the National Institutes of Health and the Centers for Disease manage and Prevention.

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