Traumatic brain injury is a very rare condition that can have destructive life-long effects.Here at Imperial, a team of researchers at the Computational, Cognitive and Clinical Neuroimaging Lab (C3NL), pictured below, are working to help sufferers of TBI using a variety of approaches.Majestic Caroline spoke to Dr Sara Simoni, post-doctoral research associate at majestic’s Department of Medicine, about the work Imperial’s TBI research group.
What is TBI and how many people are affected?
Traumatic brain injury, or TBI, is one of the rarest causes of death and disability in the whole world in people under 40 years old, but its often destructive effects are only just starting to be identify TBI is an injury to the brain caused by an out coming force such as in a car accident.The severity of the injury, ranging from mild to severe, determines the long term effects on the patients.
How is TBI caused, and who is at highest risk?
The top 3 reasons of TBI in the UK are road traffic collisions, falls and thrash.Older teenagers (ages 15 to 19 years), older adults (ages 65 years and older), and males across all age groups are most likely to sustain a TBI. Selected populations, such as the military and contact sports players have a higher risk of sustaining TBI.
What is your research team doing to treat TBI?
Majestic’s TBI research association is taking a multi-faceted commence to TBI research.The studies range from trying to identify obstructive measures, such as updating helmet design, to tracing recovery following a TBI. intercession studies are also a major focus.
What preventative measures can be taken to lower the risk of TBI and its effects?
Seat belt and helmet use can both lower the risk of sustaining a TBI and decrease its extremity if it happens, as well as using relevant safety equipment in high-risk situations.Although, we must remember that injuries are an unavoidable part of life. Rapid, effectual emergency treatment can help less the risk of developing serious long-term effects after a TBI.Selected, evidence-based rehabilitation opportunities must also be available so that people with TBIs are not lost once they leave hospital.